References for Unknown/Unknowns


Beer, Stafford (1962) 'Brain of the Firm: The Managerial Cybernetics of Organization', Allen Lane.

Brookes, Stephen (2011). "Crisis, confidence and collectivity: Responding to the new public leadership challenge," Leadership, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 175-195.

Chappelow, Jim (2020). 'Black Swan', Investopeia,,they%20were%20obvious%20in%20hindsight, accessed October 2020.

Finance Train,(n.d.). "Types of Risks: The Known and The Unknowns."

Khan, Faisal (2019). '9 Black Swan Events that changed the Financial World',, accessed October 2020.

Kim, S. D (2012). 'Characterizing unknown unknowns. Paper presented at PMI® Global Congress 2012— North America', PMI® Global Congress 2012, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, Project Management Institute.

Logan, David C. (2009). "Known knowns, known unknowns, unknown unknowns and the propagation of scientific enquiry," Journal of Experimental Botany, Vol. 60, No. 3, pp. 712-714.

Mackenzie, Stuart (2019). 'Unknown Unknowns'.

Pawson, Ray (2013). The science of evaluation : a realist manifesto. London, SAGE.

Sheth-Voss, Seema (2014). '"Unknown Unknowns" Can Wreak Havoc On Your Business Risk Management Plans', Forbes.

Spacey, John (2016). 'What is an unknown risk?'.

Taleb, N. N. 2005. Fooled by randomness : the hidden role of chance in life and in the markets, New York, Random House.

Taleb, N. N. 2007. The black swan : the impact of the highly improbable, New York, Random House.

Voss, C. 2016. Never split the difference : negotiating as if your life depended on it, New York, HarperBusiness, an imprint of HarperCollins Publishers.